Friday, September 19, 2008

F. SCOTT FITZGERALD









Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald ( 1896-09-24 – 1940-12-21 ) was an Irish-American novelist and short story writer. He is considered by many to be one of the twentieth century's greatest writers. Fitzgerald was a writer, and a born writer, and a writer who strove against considerable odds to widen his range, to improve and sharpen his great technical gifts, and to write a kind of novel that no one else of his generation was able to write.Perhaps no other American writer has felt himself as inextricably tied to the history of his country as F. Scott Fitzgerald . At the end of an era of unprecedented national growth, he lived to see the traditions that had guided his parents' generation and his own childhood cast aside; indeed, he was said by his contemporaries to have precipitated the upheaval in manners and morals that accompanied the end of World War I. Never as "lost" as the members of his generation described in Paris by Gertrude Stein, Fitzgerald nevertheless experienced and even personified the "boom" of the 1920s and the "bust" of the 1930s.
As a member of the Princeton Class of 1917, Fitzgerald neglected his studies for his literary apprenticeship. He wrote the scripts and lyrics for the Princeton Triangle Club musicals and was a contributor to the Princeton Tiger humor magazine and the Nassau Literary Magazine. His college friends included Edmund Wilson and John Peale Bishop. On academic probation and unlikely to graduate, Fitzgerald joined the army in 1917 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the infantry. Convinced that he would die in the war, he rapidly wrote a novel, “The Romantic Egotist”; the letter of rejection from Charles Scribner’s Sons praised the novel’s originality and asked that it be resubmitted when revised.
In June 1918 Fitzgerald was assigned to Camp Sheridan, near Montgomery, Alabama. There he fell in love with a celebrated belle, eighteen-year-old Zelda Sayre, the youngest daughter of an Alabama Supreme Court judge. The romance intensified Fitzgerald’s hopes for the success of his novel, but after revision it was rejected by Scribners for a second time. The war ended just before he was to be sent overseas; after his discharge in 1919 he went to New York City to seek his fortune in order to marry.
Fitzgerald quit his job in July 1919 and returned to St. Paul to rewrite his novel as This Side of Paradise. It was accepted by editor Maxwell Perkins of Scribners in September. Set mainly at Princeton and described by its author as “a quest novel,” This Side of Paradise traces the career aspirations and love disappointments of Amory Blaine.
The publication of This Side of Paradise on March 26, 1920, made the twenty-four-year-old Fitzgerald famous almost overnight, and a week later he married Zelda Sayre in New York. They embarked on an extravagant life as young celebrities. Fitzgerald endeavored to earn a solid literary reputation, but his playboy image impeded the proper assessment of his work.
In the fall-winter of 1919 Fitzgerald commenced his career as a writer of stories for the mass-circulation magazines. Working through agent Harold Ober, Fitzgerald interrupted work on his novels to write moneymaking popular fiction for the rest of his life. The Saturday Evening Post became Fitzgerald’s best story market, and he was regarded as a “Post writer.” His early commercial stories about young love introduced a fresh character: the independent, determined young American woman who appeared in “The Offshore Pirate” and “Bernice Bobs Her Hair.” Fitzgerald’s more ambitious stories, such as “May Day” and “The Diamond as Big as the Ritz,” were published in The Smart Set, which had a small circulation.




Following the shock and chaos of World War I, American society enjoyed unprecedented levels of prosperity during the 'roaring' 1920s as the economy soared. At the same time, Prohibition, the ban on the sale and manufacture of alcohol mandated by the Eighteenth Amendment, made millionaires out of bootleggers and led to an increase in organized crime. Although Fitzgerald, like Nick Carraway in his novel, idolized the riches and glamour of the age, he was uncomfortable with the unrestrained materialism and lack of morality that went with it."
The chief theme of Fitzgerald’s work is aspiration of the idealism he regarded as defining American character. Another major theme was mutability or loss. As a social historian Fitzgerald became identified with the Jazz Age: “It was an age of miracles, it was an age of art, it was an age of excess, and it was an age of satire,” he wrote in “Echoes of the Jazz Age.”
Fitzgerald’s peak story fee of $4,000 from The Saturday Evening Post may have had in 1929 the purchasing power of $40,000 in present-day dollars. Nonetheless, the general view of his affluence is distorted. Fitzgerald was not among the highest-paid writers of his time; his novels earned comparatively little, and most of his income came from 160 magazine stories. During the 1920s his income from all sources averaged under $25,000 a year of good money at a time when a schoolteacher’s average annual salary was $1,299, but not a fortune. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald did spend money faster than he earned it; the author who wrote so eloquently about the effects of money on character was unable to manage his own finances.
Fitzgerald went to Hollywood alone in the summer of 1937 with a six-month Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer screenwriting contract at $1,000 a week. He received his only screen credit for adapting Three Comrades (1938), and his contract was renewed for a year at $1,250 a week. The $91,000 he earned from MGM was a great deal of money during the late Depression years when a new Chevrolet coupe cost $619; but although Fitzgerald paid off most of his debts, he was unable to save. His trips East to visit his wife were disastrous. After MGM dropped his option at the end of 1938, Fitzgerald worked as a freelance script writer and wrote short-short stories for Esquire. He began his Hollywood novel, The Love of the Last Tycoon, in 1939 and had written more than half of a working draft when he died of a heart attack in Graham’s apartment on December 21, 1940. Zelda Fitzgerald perished at a fire in Highland Hospital in 1948.




F. Scott Fitzgerald died believing himself a failure. The obituaries were condescending, and he seemed destined for literary obscurity. The first phase of the Fitzgerald resurrection of “revival” does not properly describe the process occurred between 1945 and 1950. By 1960 he had achieved a secure place among America’s enduring writers. The Great Gatsby, a work that seriously examines the theme of aspiration in an American setting, defines the classic American novel. (Source: Matthew J. Bruccoli’s “A Brief Life of Fitzgerald” originally appeared in F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Life in Letters, ed. Bruccoli with the assistance of Judith S. Baughman, New York: Scribners, 1994)











F. Scott Fitzgerald is said to have invented the so-called “younger generation” of two decades ago. At any rate, he was the most articulate writer about the rich, young set which was also variously referred to as “the lost generation” and the “post-war generation,” and as such he acquired a reputation far out of proportion to his works, which were limited to four novels and several volumes of short stories.
All four novels were characterized by rich, loose-living characters, who grew older as Mr. Fitzgerald grew older. Invariably they met disillusionment and despair. In commenting on Mr. Fitzgerald’s last novel, “Tender Is the Night,” Clifton Fadiman, book critic for “The New Yorker,” summed up Mr. Fitzgerald’s career with the words:
“In Mr. Fitzgerald’s case, at any rate, money is the root of all novels. In ‘This Side of Paradise,’ Mr. Fitzgerald’s first and most successful novel, the world of super-wealth was viewed through the glass of undergraduate gaiety, sentiment and satire. With ‘The Great Gatsby’ the good-time note was dropped, to be replaced by a darker accent of tragic questioning.”
The gaudy world of which Fitzgerald wrote of the penthouses, the long week-end drunks, the young people who were always on the brink of madness, the vacuous conversation, the lush intoxication of easy money has in large measure been swept away. But Fitzgerald understood this world perhaps better than any of his contemporaries. And as a literary craftsman he described it, accurately and sometimes poignantly, in work that deserves respect.
Fitzgerald had an importance only time will tell whether it was ephemeral because he made himself the voice of youth crying in the wilderness of political and social and moral muddling. The youth he knew was dissolute, but it was also courageous. It was unstable, but it was also questing. It was a phenomenon of the postwar, Turbulent Twenties, a hangover from Versailles. Youth sensed that security had not been secured, but it did not know what to do about it. Neither did Fitzgerald. But he made people think. And that was something.
He was a brilliant, sometimes profound, writer. That his work seemed to lack a definite objective was not his fault, but the fault of the world in which he found himself. He has left us a legacy of pertinent questions which he did not pretend to be able to answer. That was not the smallest part of his greatness.
(Source: New York Herald Tribune, 23 December 1940)
Perhaps because so much of his writing is autobiographical, F. Scott Fitzgerald is as famous for his personal life as he is for his writing. In his career as a writer, Fitzgerald proved to be gifted in a number of forms—he excelled as a novelist, a short story writer, and an essayist. But because his personal and professional histories paralleled the times in which he lived and wrote, Fitzgerald will be forever identified with The Jazz Age of the 1920s and the ensuing Great Depression of the 1930s.

Photo slideshow of "The Great Depression" set to the...
Hard Times







Fitzgerald's Short Stories - Chronological Index of Titles
(Alphabetic list of short story titles)

WINTER DREAMS--HTML--Text
Published in the collection All the Sad Young Men
Originally published in Metropolitan Magazine (December 1922)

DICE, BRASSKNUCKLES & GUITAR--HTML--Text
International (May 1923)

GRETCHEN'S FORTY WINKS--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (15 March, 1924)

ABSOLUTION--HTML--Text
Published in the collection All the Sad Young Men
Originally published in The American Mercury (June 1924)

RAGS MARTIN-JONES AND THE PR-NCE OF W-LES--HTML--Text
Published in the collection All the Sad Young Men
Originally published in McCall's (July 1924)

"THE SENSIBLE THING"--HTML--Text
Published in the collection All the Sad Young Men
Originally published in Liberty (15 July, 1924)

THE BABY PARTY--HTML--Text
Hearst's International (February 1925)

LOVE IN THE NIGHT--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (14 March, 1925)

THE RICH BOY--HTML--Text
Published in the collection All the Sad Young Men
Originally published in Red Book (January and February 1926)

JACOB'S LADDER--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (20 August, 1927)

A SHORT TRIP HOME--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (17 December, 1927)

THE BOWL--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (21 January, 1928)

MAGNETISM--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (3 March, 1928)

SCANDAL DETECTIVES, THE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (28 April, 1928)

A NIGHT AT THE FAIR--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (July 21, 1928)

BASIL: THE FRESHEST BOY--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (28 July, 1928)

HE THINKS HE'S WONDERFUL--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (29 September, 1928)

OUTSIDE THE CABINET-MAKER'S--HTML--Text
Century Magazine (December, 1928)

THE CAPTURED SHADOW--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (29 December, 1928)

PERFECT LIFE, THE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (5 January, 1929)

FORGING AHEAD--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (March 30, 1929)

BASIL AND CLEOPATRA--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (27 April, 1929)

THE LAST OF THE BELLES--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (2 March, 1929)

THE ROUGH CROSSING--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (8 June, 1929)

MAJESTY--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (13 July, 1929)

AT YOUR AGE--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (17 August, 1929)

THE SWIMMERS--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (19 October, 1929)

TWO WRONGS--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (18 January, 1930)

FIRST BLOOD--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (5 April, 1930)

A NICE QUIET PLACE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (31 May, 1930)

THE BRIDAL PARTY--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (9 August, 1930)

JOSEPHINE: A WOMAN WITH A PAST--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (6 September, 1930)

ONE TRIP ABROAD--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (11 October, 1930)

THE HOTEL CHILD--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (31 January, 1931)

BABYLON REVISITED--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (21 February, 1931)

A NEW LEAF--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (4 July, 1931)

EMOTIONAL BANKRUPTCY--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (15 August, 1931)

A FREEZE-OUT--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (19 December, 1931)

SIX OF ONE--HTML--Text
Redbook (February 1932)

FAMILY IN THE WIND--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (4 June, 1932)

WHAT A HANDSOME PAIR!--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (27 August, 1932)

CRAZY SUNDAY--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in American Mercury (October 1932)

ONE INTERNE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Saturday Evening Post (5 November, 1932)

MORE THAN JUST A HOUSE--HTML--Text
Saturday Evening Post (24 June, 1933)

FIEND, THE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Esquire (January 1935)

NIGHT AT CHANCELLORSVILLE, THE--HTML--Text
Published in the collection Taps at Reveille
Originally published in Esquire (February 1935)

AFTERNOON OF AN AUTHOR--HTML--Text
Esquire (August 1936)

"I DIDN'T GET OVER"--HTML--Text
Esquire (October 1936)

AN ALCOHOLIC CASE--HTML--Text
Esquire (February 1937)

FINANCING FINNEGAN--HTML--Text
Esquire (January 1938)

DESIGN IN PLASTER--HTML--Text
Esquire (November 1939)

THE LOST DECADE--HTML--Text
Esquire (December 1939)

PAT HOBBY STORIES, THE--HTML--Text
A series of 17 stories published monthly in Esquire from January 1940 and May 1941
CONTENTS:
Pat Hobby's Christmas Wish
A Man in the Way
"Boil Some Water--Lots of It"
Teamed with Genius
Pat Hobby and Orson Welles
Pat Hobby's Secret
Pat Hobby, Putative Father
The Homes of the Stars
Pat Hobby Does His Bit
Pat Hobby's Preview
No Harm Trying
A Patriotic Short
On the Trail of Pat Hobby
Fun in an Artist's Studio
Two Old-Timers
Mightier than the Sword
Pat Hobby's College Days

THREE HOURS BETWEEN PLANES--HTML--Text
Esquire (July 1941)

NEWS OF PARIS--FIFTEEN YEARS AGO--HTML--Text
Furioso (Winter 1947)

(Source: gutenberg.net.au)


Photos:
F. Scott Fitzgerald
credit: from the F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers, Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library

Thursday, September 18, 2008

THE BEAUTIFUL LADY

How could I become cruel
how could I become vicious
I had before my eyes
only examples of mildness
I found so little to excite my desires
those I had seldom contradicted
I was hardly sensible of possessing any
I was absolute stranger to caprice

Charms and countenance
conspicuous in this lovely girl
her tenderness and unaffected gaiety
banished melancholy
made all around her happy

The look, manner and attitude
still before my eyes
the serenity and cheerfulness
she is as amiable and beautiful
as she is good and generous

The object in my power
the masterpiece of love
who would guess
the cause of my tears
what at this moment
passed within me
her wit and person
equally approach projection

Thursday, September 4, 2008

THE SHADOWS




The Shadows are an English instrumental and vocal rock and roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. The Shadows, sometimes known as "The Ventures of England," were pioneering instrumental rockers that influenced an entire generation of British guitar players. The Shadows had more #1 hits on the British charts than any instrumental band before or ever since. The story of the Shadows is a remarkable one. Their music entertained, influenced and inspired more than one generation. The sheer scale of their talent can never be called into question. No one who has ever seen (or simply heard) the Shadows play can ever forget the magic.
Bruce and Hank went to London as young teenagers and tried their luck in music business. It did not went well the first time, but suddenly they met a singer named Cliff Richard. He needed a new lead guitarist, and was very impressed by Hank Marvin. But Hank would not enjoy Cliff if not Bruce could enjoy too. That was the beginning! Then they also met the bassist Jet Harris, and some later a drummer called Tony Meehan: The Drifters was the group's name!








The band changed name in 1959 to The Shadows, because an other band in USA was named the Drifters. None of the original Drifters were still in the group at the time they officially became The Shadows. Johnny Foster continued for a time as Cliff's personal manager, and Samwell wrote several additional songs for The Drifters and The Shadows before moving on to write and produce for other artists. Tony Meehan later recalled that Cliff, backed by Hank, Bruce, Jet and himself had all played together a year beforehand at least once at the his coffee bar in Soho, London.
At first, the Shadows were simply a standard pop-rock act of the era, similar in style and vocals to the Everly Brothers. Instrumental tunes were tried out only during Richard's performance breaks. Meanwhile, Marvin was finessing the guitar style for which he would gain renown. It was a sound crafted with the legendary American-made Fender Stratocaster guitar, and it wasn't until he finally obtained one in 1959--they were difficult to come by in England, and Richard had to bring him one back directly-- that his playing began to take a new turn. His legendary talents with his trademark Stratocaster was honored in the late 1990s when Fender brought him in as a consultant for a special 40th anniversary issue of the guitar.















The release of Saturday Dance/Lonesome Fella saw a return to vocals, but the record stalled just outside the Top Thirty of the day. Had it been more successful, the future direction of the group might well have been very different. As Hank and Bruce have frequently stated, they were very much influenced in that formative period by the harmonies of The Everly Brothers in particular, and, had the right material presented itself, they might have continued in that vein.
As it was, things turned out otherwise, and the group went on to occupy a unique position in the evolution of popular music from the late 1950s and during the 1960s. At the start of the decade, instrumentals of various kinds were making strong inroads on the charts, and when Jerry Lordan offered the group Apache ready-made combination of three guitars and drums came up with what is indisputably one of the finest and most influential instrumental classics of all time and Marvin's sound was epitomized an instrumental piece with an irresistible hook and otherworldly vibe. The number was called Apache and had been inspired by the film of that name starring Burt Lancaster. Lordan commented, I wanted something noble and dramatic, reflecting the courage and savagery of the Indian. Apache topped the British charts on 25 August 1960 where it remained in the No.1 spot for five weeks. It gave the Shadows the first of their many chart records and became their first million-seller, selling one million copies in Britain alone. The number became a worldwide hit, except for America. This was judged to be due to the fact that there was a dire lack of promotion for it. Capitol Records, although an American arm of EMI Records, didn't consider British groups had any potential in the United States (they felt the same when they rejected No. 1 British hits by the Beatles!). As a result, Danish guitarist Jorgan Ingmann covered it and his version reached No. 2 in the US charts. (Incidentally, Ingmann and his sister Grethe won the Eurovision Song Contest three years later). Cliff Richard also had a presence on the track as a result of the fact that they wanted some Indian drums. Jerry Lordan explained, Tony Meehan couldn't (do it), with only two tracks, and Hank and the others playing on the other track, Tony couldn't play the regular bass drum, the snare and the tom tom and this Indian drum, which they didn't have anyway, so Norrie Paramor, the producer, said go and have a look, lads, in the prop room. This is Studio Two at Abbey Road, so there's a huge props room under the stairs stuffed full of ... cowbells - and you name it, and they came out with this Chinese drum. It's actually called a tam tam, and it's circular with a rope on it, and you hold it in one hand and beat with a mallet with the other, and Cliff Richard held that over Tony Meehan's drum kit. That's him all the way through, bom bom bom bom, bom bom... he kept great time, too. Cliff Richard was also a movie star, and The Shadows made some of the music to the films, and also actors in some of them. The first "big" one was "The Young Ones" where The Shadows played "The Savage" - which inspired many young boys playing that phantastic rhythm part of Bruce.







And Bruce used for first time an acoustic guitar on the record! After this success he used an acoustic guitar on many more hits, like Man of Mystery, Kon Tiki, The Frightened City, Wonderful Land, Guitar Tango, Dance On and Foot Tapper. And maybe the most important tune: The Savage! The Savage only reached at no 6 but it made many young people very interested in Bruce's fast rhythm guitar playing!







And so further striking Top Ten hits followed in rapid succession: Man Of Mystery, FBI, The Frightened City, Kon-Tiki, The Savage, then the terrifically successful Wonderful Land in February 1962 - another Lordan composition with lush orchestral backing showing a very different side to the group and staying at the top of the charts even longer than Apache (8 Weeks). This superlative composition, together with its successor, Guitar Tango, was notable for the orchestral accompaniment provided by Norrie Paramor. While some critics questioned the propriety of these added touches, the group were selling records in enormous quantities, and their fan-base both at home and abroad swelled dramatically. The group remained intact during this era, but October 1961 Tony Meehan was replaced by Brian Bennett and in April 1962 Jet Harris, who suffered from alcoholism, was replaced by Brian "Licorice" Locking. Meehan and Harris embarked upon a joint solo career that achieved modest success with chart hits Scarlett O'Hara and Diamonds- another Jerry Lordan's tune which was covered many times by different bands including Ventures and Spotnicks. Late 1963 Brian Locking quit the band, and John Rostill became the new bass player. John and Bruce became close friends and later they made some big world hits.




20 Golden Greats
Release Date: August 03, 1987
Track List
[video] Apache[video] Man of Mystery[video] The Frightened City[video] Guitar Tango[video] Kon-Tiki[video] Foot Tapper[video] Genie With the Light Brown Lamp[video] The War Lord[video] A Place in the Sun[video] Atlantis[video] Wonderful Land[video] F.B.I.[video] The Savage[video] Geronimo[video] Shindig[video] Stingray[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Maroc 7[video] Dance On




50 Golden Greats (disc 1)
Release Date: July 31, 2000
Track List
[video] Apache[video] Man of Mystery[video] The Stranger[video] F.B.I.[video] Midnight[video] The Frightened City[video] Kon-Tiki[video] The Savage[video] Shadoogie[video] Wonderful Land[video] Sleepwalk[video] Guitar Tango[video] The Boys[video] Dance On[video] Foot Tapper[video] Atlantis[video] Shindig[video] Geronimo[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] Perfidia[video] Mustang[video] Cosy[video] Nivram[video] Little B[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Rhythm And Greens[video] Genie With the Light Brown Lamp




Shadows Are Go!
Release Date: September 10, 1996
Track List
[video] Apache[video] Man of Mystery[video] The Stranger[video] FBI[video] Midnight[video] The Frightened City[video] Kon Tiki[video] 36-24-36[video] The Savage[video] Peace Pipe[video] Mustang[video] Wonderful Land[video] Guitar Tango[video] Dance On[video] Spring Is Nearly Here[video] Perfidia[video] Atlantis[video] Shotgun[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Blunt[video] Stingray[video] A Place in the Sun[video] Thunderbirds Theme




50 Golden Greats (disc 2)
Release Date: July 31, 2000
Track List
[video] Mary-Anne[video] Stingray[video] Don't Make My Baby Blue[video] War Lord[video] Thunderbirds Theme[video] I Met a Girl[video] A Place in the Sun[video] The Dreams I Dream[video] Maroc 7[video] Slaughter on 10th Avenue[video] Something[video] Let Me Be the One[video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] Theme From the Deer Hunter (Cavatina)[video] Rodrigo's Guitar Concerto De Aranjuez[video] Riders in the Sky[video] God Only Knows[video] Going Home[video] Albatross[video] Nights in White Satin[video] Whiter Shade of Pale[video] Imagine / Woman[video] Memory




The Best of The Shadows
Track List
[video] F.B.I.[video] Kon-Tiki[video] Guitar Tango[video] Wonderful Land[video] Atlantis[video] The Savage[video] The Frightened City[video] The Lost City[video] A Little Bitty Tear[video] Brasil (Aquarela Do Brasil)[video] Apache[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Don't Make My Baby Blue[video] Chattanooga Choo Choo[video] In The Mood[video] Lonely Bull, The (El Solo Torro)[video] Dakota[video] Don't It Make You Feel Good[video] Zambesi[video] Temptation




Moonlight Shadows
Release Date: November 30, 1985
Track List
[video] Every Breath You Take[video] Hello[video] The Power Of Love[video] Hey Jude[video] Against All Odds[video] Memory[video] Dancing in the dark[video] Whiter Shade of Pale[video] Moonlight Shadow[video] Three Tmes A Lady[video] Sailing[video] I Just Called to Say I Love You[video] I Know Him So Well[video] Nights in White Satin[video] Imagine/Woman[video] Walk of Life




The Shadows
Track List
[video] Shadoogie[video] Blue Star[video] Nivram[video] Baby My Heart[video] See You in My Drums[video] All My Sorrows[video] Stand Up and Say That[video] Gonzales[video] Find Me a Golden Street[video] Theme From a Filleted Place[video] That's My Desire[video] My Resistance Is Low[video] Sleepwalk[video] Big Boy




The Shadows' Greatest Hits
Release Date: April 26, 2004
Track List
[video] Apache (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Man Of Mystery (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] The Stranger (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] F.B.I. (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Midnight (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] The Frightened City (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Kon-Tiki (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] 36-24-36 (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] The Savage (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Peace Pipe (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Wonderful Land (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Stars Fell On Stockton (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Guitar Tango (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] The Boys (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Dance On (2004 Digital Remaster)[video] Quartermaster's Stores (2004 Digital Remaster)




Out Of The Shadows
Track List
[video] The Rumble[video] The Bandit[video] Cosy[video] 1861[video] Perfidia[video] Little 'B'[video] Bo Diddley[video] South Of The Border[video] Spring Is Nearly Here[video] Are They All Like You?[video] Tales Of A Raggy Tramline[video] Some Are Lonely[video] Kinda Cool




The First 20 Years At The Top 75 Classic Originals 1959-1979
Track List
[video] Feelin' Fine[video] Don't Be a Fool (With Love)[video] Driftin'[video] Jet Black[video] Saturday Dance[video] Lonesome Fella[video] Apache[video] Quartermaster's Stores[video] The Stranger[video] Man of Mystery[video] F.B.I.[video] Midnight[video] The Frightened City[video] Back Home[video] Kon-Tiki[video] 36-24-36[video] The Savage[video] Peace Pipe[video] Wonderful Land[video] Stars Fell On Stockton[video] Guitar Tango[video] What A Lovely Tune[video] The Boys[video] Dance On[video] All Day[video] Foot Tapper[video] The Breeze And I[video] Atlantis[video] I Want You To Want Me[video] Shindig[video] It's Been A Blue Day[video] Geronimo[video] Shazam[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] This Hammer[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] It's a Man's World[video] Rhythm And Greens[video] The Miracle[video] Genie With the Light Brown Lamp[video] Little Princess[video] Mary-Anne[video] Chu Chi[video] Stingray[video] Alice In Sunderland[video] Don't Make My Baby Blue[video] My Grandfather's Clock[video] The War Lord[video] I Wish I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Arthur[video] I Met a Girl[video] Late Night Set[video] A Place in the Sun[video] Will You Be There?[video] The Dreams I Dream[video] Scotch on the Socks[video] Maroc 7[video] Bombay Duck[video] Tomorrow's Cancelled[video] Somewhere[video] Running Out Of World[video] Dear Old Mrs Bell[video] Trying To Forget The One You Love[video] Slaughter On Tenth Avenue[video] Turn Around And Touch Me[video] Jungle Jam[video] Let Me Be the One[video] Run Billy Run[video] It'll Be Me Babe[video] Another Night[video] Love Deluxe[video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] The Theme From 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)[video] En Aranjuez Con Tu Amor[video] Heart of Glass[video] Riders in the Sky




String of Hits
Release Date: November 30, 1978
Track List
[video] Riders in the Sky[video] Parisienne Walkways[video] Classical Gas[video] The Theme From 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)[video] Bridge Over Troubled Water[video] You're The One That I Want[video] Heart of Glass[video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] Song For Duke[video] Bright Eyes[video] Rodrigo's Guitar Concerto De Aranjuez[video] Baker Street




Live At The Paris Olympia
Track List
[video] Shazam (Live)[video] Man Of Mystery (Live)[video] Lady Of The Morning (Live)[video] Shadoogie (Live)[video] Guitar Tango (Live)[video] Faithful (Live)[video] Tiny Robin (Live)[video] Honourable Puff-Puff (Live)[video] Sleepwalk (Live)[video] Marmaduke (Live)[video] Foot Tapper (Live)[video] Apache (Live)[video] The Rise And Fall Of Flingel Bunt (Live)[video] Dance On (Live)[video] Lonesome Mole (Live)[video] Nivram (Live)[video] Turn Around And Touch Me (Live)[video] Music Makes My Day (Live)[video] The Frightened City (Live)[video] Little 'B' (Live)[video] Blue Suede Shoes/Rip It Up/Lucille (Medley) (Live)[video] Somewhere (Live)[video] Let Me Be The One (Live)[video] Wonderful Land (Live)[video] F.B.I. (Live)




Shades of Grey
Track List
[video] FBI[video] Riders in the Sky[video] Apache[video] Sailing[video] Kon Tiki[video] Wonderful Land[video] Man of Mystery[video] Atlantis[video] The War Lord[video] Red River Rock[video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] Cavatina[video] Guitar Tango[video] Slaughter On Tenth Avenue[video] Maroc 7[video] Blue Shadow[video] Mary Anne[video] Quatermasters Stores[video] Peace Pipe[video] Dance On[video] Foot Tapper[video] The Frightened City




Another String Of Hot Hits And More
Release Date: October 05, 1987
Track List
[video] Wonderful Land[video] Atlantis[video] Black Is Black[video] Goodbye Yellow Brick Road[video] River Deep Mountain High[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Midnight Cowboy[video] Pinball Wizard/See Me, Feel Me (Medley)[video] Apache[video] God Only Knows[video] Stardust[video] Walk Don't Run[video] The Most Beautiful Girl[video] Good Vibrations[video] Something[video] Superstar[video] Trains And Boats And Planes[video] Honky Tonk Women[video] F.B.I.[video] Kon-Tiki




Dance With The Shadows
Track List
[video] Chattanooga Choo Choo[video] Blue Shadows[video] Fandango[video] Tonight[video] That's the Way It Goes[video] Big 'b'[video] In The Mood[video] The Lonely Bull (El Soro Toro)[video] Dakota[video] French Dressing[video]
The High and the Mighty[video] Don't It Make You Feel Good[video] Zambesi[video] Temptation[video] The Lonely Bull (El Solo Torro)




Shadow Music
Release Date: January 31, 1992
Track List
[video] I Only Want To Be With You[video] Fourth Street[video] The Magic Doll[video] Stay Around[video] Maid Marion's Theme[video] Benno-San[video] Don't Stop Now[video] In The Past[video] Fly Me To The Moon (In Other Words)[video] Now That You're Gone[video] One Way To Love[video] Razzmataz[video] A Sigh (Un Sospero)[video] March To Drina[video] Proud Mary[video] My Babe[video] Lucille[video] Johnny B Goode[video] Paperback Writer[video] (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction[video] Bony Moronie[video] Get Back[video] Something[video] River Deep, Mountain High[video] Memphis[video] What'd I Say




The Shadows Greatest Hits
Track List
[video] Apache[video] Man of Mystery[video] The Stranger[video] F.B.I.[video] Midnight[video] The Frightened City[video] Kon-Tiki[video] 36-24-36[video] The Savage[video] Peace Pipe[video] Wonderful Land[video] Stars Fell On Stockton[video] Guitar Tango[video] The Boys[video] Dance On




Steppin' to the Shadows
Release Date: November 30, 1988
Track List
[video] You Win Again[video] I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Who Loves Me)[video] He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother[video] Candle in the Wind[video] Farewell My Lovely[video] Mountains of the Moon[video] Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You[video] Heaven Is a Place on Earth[video] When the Going Gets Tough[video] Alone[video] All I Ask of You[video] Stack-It[video] Shoba[video] You Keep Me Hangin' On[video] Some People[video] One Moment in Time




Jigsaw
Release Date: March 01, 2003
Track List
[video] Jigsaw (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Tennessee Waltz (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Prelude In E Major (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Cathy's Clown (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Stardust (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Semi-Detached Surburban Mr.James (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Trains And Boats And Planes (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Friday On My Mind (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Winchester Cathedral (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Waiting For Rosie (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Chelsea Boot (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Maria Elena (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] With A Hmm-Hmm On My Knee (1999 Digital Remaster)[video] Green Eyes (1999 Digital Remaster)




50 Golden Greats
Track List
[video] Apache[video] Man of Mystery[video] The Stranger[video] F.B.I.[video] Midnight[video] The Frightened City[video] Kon-Tiki[video] The Savage[video] Shadoogie[video] Wonderful Land[video] Sleepwalk[video] Guitar Tango[video] The Boys[video] Dance On[video] Foot Tapper[video] Atlantis[video] Shindig[video] Geronimo[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] Perfidia[video] Mustang[video] Cosy[video] Nivram[video] Little 'B'[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Rhythm And Greens[video] Genie With the Light Brown Lamp[video] Mary-Anne[video] Stingray[video] Don't Make My Baby Blue[video] The War Lord[video] The 'Thunderbirds' Theme[video] I Met a Girl[video] A Place in the Sun[video] The Dreams I Dream[video] Maroc 7[video] Slaughter On Tenth Avenue[video] Something[video] Let Me Be the One[video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] The Theme From 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)[video] Rodrigo's Guitar Concerto De Aranjuez[video] Riders in the Sky[video] God Only Knows[video] Going Home[video] Albatross[video] Nights in White Satin[video] A Whiter Shade Of Pale[video] Imagine/Woman (Medley)[video] Memory




Shadows 2
Track List
[video] Genie With the Light Brown Lamp[video] The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Stingray[video] Warlord[video] Little Princess[video] Tonight[video] Flyder and the Spy[video] Chattanooga Choo Choo[video] Giant[video] Shane[video] Shotgun[video] Las Tres Carabelas[video] Adios Muchachos[video] Valencia[video] Granada[video] Fandango[video] Gonzales[video] Quartermaster's Stores[video] Blue Star[video] 1861[video] Find Me a Golden Street[video] Spring Is Nearly Here[video] Round and Round[video] Bongo Blues[video] Ranka Chunk[video] Walkin'[video] Shazam![video] Guitar Boogie




Reflection
Release Date: September 30, 1990
Track List
[video] Eye Of The Tiger[video] Crockett's Theme (From 'Miami Vice')[video] Right Here Waiting[video] Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic[video] Sealed With A Kiss[video] Uptown Girl[video] Strawberry Fields Forever[video] Riders In The Sky '90[video] Flashdance ... What A Feeling[video] Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart[video] Love Changes Everything[video] Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now[video] Bilitis[video] You'll Never Walk Alone[video] Shadowmix (Apache, Wonderful Land, The Rise And Fall Of Flingel Bunt,Kon Tiki, F.b.i., Man Of Myst[video] Always On My Mind




2004 Final Tour
Track List
[video] Riders in the Sky[video] Frightened City[video] Theme For Young Lovers[video] peace pipe[video] Savage[video] Let Me Be the One[video] Stranger[video] Kon-Tiki[video] Going Home {from Local Hero}[video] Dance On[video] Nivram[video] Lady of the Morning[video] My Home Town[video] Guitar Tango[video] Geronimo[video] Sleepwalk[video] 36-24-36[video] Shazam![video] Don't Cry for Me Argentina[video] Equinoxe, Pt. 5[video] Mountains of the Moon[video] Shadoogie[video] Gonzales[video] Don't Make My Baby Blue[video] Rise and fall of Flingel Bunt[video] Atlantis[video] Shindig[video] Man of Mystery[video] Foot Tapper[video] Please Don't Tease[video] In the Country[video] I Could Easily Fall[video] Day I Met Marie[video] Gee Whiz It's You[video] Summer Holiday[video] Bachelor Boy[video] Little "B"[video] Theme From the Deer Hunter[video] Wonderful Land[video] F.B.I.[video] Apache



The SHADOWS short summary:

1959: Hank B. Marvin, Jet Harris, Bruce Welch and Tony Meehan
1963: Hank B. Marvin, Brian Bennett, Brian 'Liquorice' Locking and Bruce Welch
1968: Bruce Welch, Brian Bennett, John Rostill and Hank B. Marvin
1969: Hank B. Marvin, Alan Hawkshaw, John Rostill and Brian Bennett
1974: John Farrar, Hank B. Marvin, Brian Bennett and Bruce Welch
80's: Bruce Welch, Hank B. Marvin and Brian Bennett



The SHADOWS Who is Who:

HANK MARVIN (Shadow)
Hank B Marvin, born Brian Robson Rankin, 28th October 1941 in Newcastle, England. Name changed by Deed Poll in 1950s to Hank Brian Marvin. Has been "the sound" of The Shadows with his inimitable lead guitar playing since the group's inception in 1958. A longtime champion of Fender guitars, Hank has played Fender's Stratocaster regularly, except for a time during the sixties when he and the group used British made Burns guitars. Notable guitars are The Burns Marvin and the more recent Fender Stratocaster Hank Marvin Signature model. Hank undertook a solo career and released 3 albums (Into the light, Heartbeat and Hank plays Cliff) since last playing with The Shadows on their last album Reflection in 1990. Hank's next album was to be Hank plays Holly, which featured instrumental tributes to the works of Buddy Holly - one of Hank's favourite artists.

BRUCE WELCH (Shadow)
Bruce Welch, born Bruce Cripps, 2nd November 1941 in Bognor Regis, in the South West of England. Bruce was an original Shadow who has continued to front the group on rhythm guitar into the nineties. Much of Bruce's recorded rhythm guitar work was done on acoustic guitar and this wasn't realised by potential immitators until many years after the event. Bruce has a reputation for being an excellent rhythm guitarist and producer, and has produced records for Sir Cliff Richard, whom he rescued from the doldrums with the albums I'm nearly famous and Green light, and the hit singles Miss you nights, Devil woman and We don't talk anymore in the 1970's. Bruce produced an album for singer /songwriter Gerry Williams from Plymouth, England. Another of Bruce's forthcoming projects was a Bruce Welch guitar instrumental album in hich he performed with other artists.

BRIAN BENNETT (Shadow)
Brian Bennett, born in London, England, 9th February 1940. Brian was drummer with Marty Wilde's Wildcats before reforming into the Krew Kats. Replaced Tony Meehan as drummer in The Shadows in October 1961. Continued as The Shadows drummer until the group's hiatus commenced around 1990. Has now resigned from The Shadows, but did record with Hank on his first two 1990's solo albums and toured the UK with him in 1994. Brian wrote music for television and has released solo albums of his work. Brian's son Warren has taken on the job of doing musical arrangement for Hank Marvin's recordings and also played keyboards in the studio and on tour. Warren Bennett has also done solo recording including the new album Close to the hedge with Mark Griffiths on guitars. Mark is well known as bass guitarist for both The Shadows and Hank Marvin.

JET HARRIS (Shadow)
Terence Harris, born in Kingsbury, Middlesex, England, 6th July 1939. Bass guitarist with The Shadows from the outset until April 1962, when he was replaced by Brian Locking. Teamed up with fellow ex-Shadow Tony Meehan and had hits in 1963 with Scarlett O'Hara and Diamonds. Jet's continuing addiction to alcolhol has consistently marred his career as an excellent bass player. Jet is credited with naming The Shadows, when they found that the name, The Drifters, was inappropriate.

TONY MEEHAN (Shadow)
Daniel Joseph Anthony Meehan, born in Hampstead, England on 2nd March 1943. Shadows drummer from the start until October 1961. Teamed up with fellow ex-Shadow Jet Harris and had hits in 1963 with Scarlett O'Hara and Diamonds. Tony was replaced as Shadows drummer by Brian Bennett and went on to be a producer with Decca records.

JOHN ROSTILL (Shadow)
John Henry Rostill, born Kings Norton, Birmingham, England, 16th June 1942. Shadows bass guitarist for 7 years and very talented composer who wrote for The Shadows and Olivia Newton-John. Tragically died in his home studio on November 26th, 1973 and never lived to see his writing reap international awards for LET ME BE THERE, which sold in excess of 1,000,000 copies in the USA alone. Songs recorded by The Shadows include I WISH I COULD SHIMMY LIKE MY SISTER ARTHUR and WINDJAMMER. Essential reading on John Rostill is the book FUNNY OLD WORLD by Rob Bradford priced at 15 pounds (posted, I think) from 43 Humber Close, Thatcham, Berkshire, England.

BRIAN "Liquorice" LOCKING (Shadow)
Born on 22nd December 1940, in Bedworth, Coventry. Later he moved with his family to Grantham and on leaving school, joined British Rail as a fireman. After eighteen months, Brian left to work in a mens-wear shop. Brian became involved in the skiffle scene and learned to play harmonica. Although only with The Shadows as bass guitarist for eighteen months, Brian featured with harmonica on the tracks Bo Diddley and Dakota.

JOHN FARRAR (Shadow)
Born on November 8th, 1945, in Australia. Played with the Melbourne group The Strangers, when he impressed The Shadows with his guitar playing and singing. Was approached by Hank Marvin & Bruce Welch to join them in a "Crosby, Stills & Nash" type vocal group to be known as Marvin, Welch & Farrar! Stayed with that line-up until The Shadows reformed in 1973, then became The Shadows' second lead guitar! Left for America to write and produce for Olivia Newton-John. Recorded an excellent eponymous solo album in 1980 which failed to sell. Notable for his contribution to the movies Grease & Xanadu. Has worked with Cliff Richard on the music for Heathcliff.

ALAN HAWKSHAW (Shadow)
Alan was a member of Emile Ford's Checkmates in the early sixties but his main work was that of a session musician. When Bruce quit the band to retire in 1968, Alan was asked to step in for their UK and Far East tours. This led to a considerable change in the 'Shadows sound', as Alan's piano and keyboard backing took over from Bruce's rhythm guitar. This can be clearly heard on the two LPs that the Shadows recorded with Alan, "Shades of Rock" and "Live at Sankei Hall". Alan's keyboard is also much in evidence on the classic single "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue". From 1972 onwards, Alan released several solo albums. In 1979 he joined up with the Shadows again to provide keyboard arrangements for the highly successful "String of Hits" album.

CLIFF RICHARD (associate)
Born Harry Rodger Webb, in Lucknow, India, 14th October 1940. Name changed to Cliff Richard by deed poll then knighted Sir Cliff Richard in the Queen's bithday honours in June 1995. Cliff is the only artist to have hits in the charts in every decade since he first hit the charts in the late 1950s. Cliff's backing group was The Shadows until 1968, but since then that have come together for special occasions. Cliff's latest recording was Songs From Heathcliff, as stage show that was opened in 1996. Cliff is well known for his Christian beliefs and evangelistic concert tours, as well as his rock and roll career.

JERRY LORDAN (associate)
Born Jeremiah Patrick Lordan in Paddington, London, 30th April 1934. Vocalist who had a UK hit in 1960 with self-composed song Who could be bluer. Jerry also composed of some of The Shadows greatest hits, including Apache, Wonderful Land, Atlantis, Mary Anne, Santa Ana. He co-wrote The Shadows' Mustang and Hank Marvin's hit Sacha, Morning star and High Sierra. Jerry's wife Petina wrote Shadows hit A place in the sun. Jerry also wrote hits Scarlett O'Hara & Diamonds for Jet Harris and Tony Meehan. Jerry died in July 1995 aged 62, following a short illness.
The Shadows had no more number one hits after 63, but had a few tunes in the charts, we can mention Theme For Young Lovers. This was a beautiful selfpenned song of Bruce, but didn't reached top ten. Theme For Young Lovers was inspired by Wonderful Land, and actually, Bruce didn't play on this record, because of illness.
The Shadows' long and influential career has spanned 6 decades, with hit singles or albums in every one of them. Thousands of young budding guitarists around the world, some who went on to great success, were inspired by The Shadows to stand in front of the bedroom mirror, playing their air guitars. Marvin, in particular, has been credited by several top guitarists as the most important factor in their wanting to play guitar. The list is huge, and includes the following: Eric Clapton, George Harrison, Brian May, Neil Young, Mark Knopfler, Roger Taylor, Ritchie Blackmore, Randy Bachman, Peter Frampton, Keith Urban, Bela Fleck, Steve Stevens, and Andy Summers.
Like we said, Marvin has been an inspiration to many musicians, but he says he really doesn't understand why: "I would never have thought that I'd have any kind of influence on these people. Oh, maybe with Jimmy Page to a degree, but with people like Jeff Beck and Eric Clapton, I would have thought their early influences would have been much more obscure-- the kind of blues people that they pattern their playing on. But it's all very flattering, really." His legendary talents with his trademark Stratocaster was honored in the late 1990s when Fender brought him in as a consultant for a special 40th anniversary issue of the guitar.
It was Roger Field, a longtime guitar friend of Hank Marvin who, in 2001 presented Bruce Welch and Jet Harris with his idea to reunite The Shadows, winning their enthusiastic support, with Jet Harris even addressing Field's intention in a newspaper article and writing "Good luck, Roger" on Field's Fender guitar. The group re-formed in 2004 for a farewell tour, and recorded a new track Life Story (written by Jerry Lordan) to accompany a new greatest hits package of the same name which featured 1980s re-recordings of all their 1960s and 1970s hits. This opportunity to see Hank Marvin, Bruce Welch and Brian Bennett, joined on keyboards by Cliff Hall and bass by Mark Griffiths, "one last time" was so successful (and enjoyed by all members) that they decided to embark on an extension to the tour in 2005, this time of Europe. The line-up was almost the same, but Warren Bennett, son of Brian, came in on keyboards instead of Hall. Notwithstanding that this was to be a tour of other countries, they played a final date back in the UK in Birmingham.

The Final Tour







Many groups insist on struggling on, way beyond their natural ‘sell by’ date. Summer seasons in holiday camps and pub gigs have to suffice, where, previously, only major venues and the best recording studios would do. It is to their credit that, either by luck or judgement, the Shadows called it a day whilst they were still on top. Their last album, ‘Reflection’, sold half a million copies and, right up until the end, they were still packing the same venues that they had played during their ‘60s heyday.The story of the Shadows is a remarkable one. Their music entertained, influenced and inspired more than one generation. The sheer scale of their talent can never be called into question. No one who has ever seen (or simply heard) the Shadows play can ever forget the magic. As one fan once said, "The Shadows represented everything that was good about British pop music. As composers and performers, they rated second to none. Any band that can move effortlessly and with equal precision between the idioms of rock ‘n’ roll; jazz and heavy rock, as they often did ‘live’, deserves the utmost respect." I make no apology for the enthusiasm. That fan was me!"
Although they have long since split up, the continued popularity of the frequent compilation albums and the enduring dedication of fans from all over the world will ensure that ‘the Sound of the Shadows’ is one that will never be forgotten.

Link to The Shadows Soundtracks: http://jukebox.au.nu/ (Freddie's Music Collection)


Acknowledgment:
geocities.com
Freddie's Home Page
malcolmcampbell
Wikipedia
feelbest.com
© 1995, 1996, 1997 Richard Beyer
© Dave Dixon

Photos and Images are provided by:
Walther Veenstra
Freddie's Home Page
PJJ